The Beginner’s Guide to the Gnostic Gospels

The Beginner’s Guide to the Gnostic Gospels

The Gnostic Gospels are ancient religious writings which falsely claim to be written by famous biblical figures such as Peter, Thomas, and Mary. Most of the Gnostic Gospels that have survived were found in a collection of 13 books from the third and fourth century AD....
What Was the Council of Nicaea?

What Was the Council of Nicaea?

In 325 AD, Emperor Constantine invited every bishop in the church to gather in Nicaea and formally establish Christian doctrine. The goal was to unite the increasingly divided church with a set of beliefs its leaders agreed on and would hold each other accountable to....
What Is the Vulgate? The Beginner’s Guide

What Is the Vulgate? The Beginner’s Guide

The Vulgate is a fourth-century Latin translation of the Bible, produced primarily by St. Jerome. Working from ancient Greek manuscripts, the original Hebrew, Aramaic texts, and existing Latin translations, Jerome aimed to create a translation that the church could...
Who Was Clement of Rome?

Who Was Clement of Rome?

Clement of Rome was the first Apostolic Father of the church—a title given to Christian leaders who personally knew the apostles. He was also one of the earliest popes, and the patron saint of mariners. Not to be confused with Clement of Alexandria, who lived during...
What Is the Septuagint? The Beginner’s Guide

What Is the Septuagint? The Beginner’s Guide

The Septuagint is the oldest surviving Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, traditionally believed to have been written by 72 Jewish scholars sometime during the third century BC. Since Greek was the common language of the Roman Empire, the Septuagint was popular...
Who Was Eusebius?

Who Was Eusebius?

Eusebius of Caesarea, also known as Eusebius of Pamphili—but not to be confused with his contemporary, Eusebius of Nicomedia—was a fourth century Christian scholar, known as “the Father of Church History.” Despite the nickname, Eusebius was not a Church Father. And...